Our celebration highlights our multicultural collection of print and digital information resources that includes books, magazines, and movies, in English, Spanish, and French. These resources offer a variety of opportunities to learn about the heritage, traditions, literature, art, and music, articulated by the multi ethnic communities of Latin America that embrace the Indigenous Peoples, such as the Mayan; the mixed-race identities of Indigenous, European, African and Asian heritage; the multiple ethnic and regional/national identities, such as the Afro-Caribbean and Afro-Mexican; and the pan-ethnic Latinx.
Please join our celebration by checking out a variety of resources from our catalog, by contributing with your thoughts and ideas throughout our programs, and by enjoying the multiple services provided by your Prince George’s County Memorial Library System.
Con motivo de esta celebración, nuestro sistema de bibliotecas resalta el acceso gratuito de sus recursos multiculturales, tanto impresos como digitales, y ofrece una gran variedad de libros, revistas y películas publicados en inglés, español y francés. Esta variedad de recursos le permite a nuestros usuarios tener acceso a la herencia, las tradiciones, la literatura, el arte y la música, difundidas por las comunidades multiétnicas de América Latina, entre ellas: las comunidades Indígenas, como los Mayas; las identidades multiétnicas de los indígenas, europeos, africanos y asiáticas; las identidades étnicas y regionales/nacionales como los afro-caribeños y los afro-mexicanos; y por las identidades Latinx pan-étnicas.
Acompáñenos a celebrar el Mes de la Herencia Hispana al seleccionar nuestros recursos en el catálogo; al participar con sus ideas y consultas en nuestros programas; y al disfrutar de los múltiples servicios brindados por la Biblioteca del Condado de Prince George.
As WWII sets in, many Latinos enlist in the U.S. military—as a proportion, the largest ethnic group serving in the war.
On August 23, Macario Garcia became the first Mexican national to receive a U.S. Congressional Medal of Honor, yet he was refused service at the Oasis Café near his home in Texas.
The Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 is passed, providing settlements for veterans. Mexican American veterans, however, have trouble receiving these benefits.
Operation Bootstrap, a program initiated by Puerto Rico to encourage industrialization and to meet U.S. labor demands, fuels a large wave of migrant workers to the United States.
Puerto Rico gains political autonomy when it becomes a commonwealth.
Dr. Hector Garcia, a witness to racial injustice, begins holding meetings for Mexican Americans to voice their concerns, and in March they establish a new Mexican American movement: the American GI Forum.
This group gets national attention after a Latino soldier killed in action, Pvt. Felix Z. Longoria, is refused burial in Texas. Then-Senator Lyndon B. Johnson, appalled by this blatant bigotry, makes arrangements for Longoria to be buried at the prestigious Arlington National Cemetery.
In the case Hernandez v. The State of Texas, the Supreme Court recognizes that Latinos are suffering inequality and profound discrimination, paving the way for Hispanic Americans to use legal means to fight for their equality. This is the first Supreme Court case briefed and argued by Mexican American attorneys.
Nearly a dozen bills are introduced into the Senate to preserve segregation. Henry B. Gonzalez, determined to stop them, stages an effective filibuster, speaking for 22 straight hours. He would later represent San Antonio in Congress.
The landmark production of West Side Story premieres on Broadway, chronicling the racial tensions of the '40s and '50s.
John F. Kennedy runs for President, with Lyndon B. Johnson as his running mate. Johnson enlists the help of Dr. Hector Garcia to help carry the Latino vote. Garcia forms "Viva Kennedy" clubs, greatly aiding Kennedy's narrow victory.
Aspira (Aspire) is founded to promote the education of Hispanic youth and acquires a national following, serving Puerto Ricans wherever they live in large numbers.
West Side Story is made into a film; the role of Anita goes to a Puerto Rican, Rita Moreno, who takes home an Academy Award for her performance.
Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta form the National Farm Workers Association.
On November 22, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated, leaving Lyndon B. Johnson as successor. President Johnson appoints more Mexican Americans to positions in government than any president before; he passes landmark legislation advocating desegregation.
Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The act establishes affirmative action programs, prohibiting discrimination on the basis of gender, creed, race, or ethnic background: "to achieve equality of employment opportunities and remove barriers that have operated in the past" (Title VII). The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is also established through Title VII to prevent job discrimination.
Striking workers are subjected to physical and verbal attacks throughout their peaceful demonstrations, and on March 16, the Senate Subcommittee on Migratory Labor held hearings in Delano.
March 17, the morning following the hearings, Cesar Chavez sets out with 100 farm workers to begin his pilgrimage to the San Joaquin Valley. After 25 days, their numbers swell from hundreds, to an army of thousands.
On Easter Sunday, the state capital is finally in sight. With public sympathy mounting and the spring growing season upon them, growers finally agree to meet with union representatives.
The observation of Hispanic Heritage Week began as a way to celebrate the histories, cultures and contributions of American citizens whose ancestors came from Spain, Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central and South America.
On March 6, a walkout is planned and coordinated among East L.A. high schools. Approximately 10,000 students peacefully walk out of four schools and are joined by parents and supporters. Police are sent to maintain order—and things get out of hand.
Following the police riot, on March 7 the students walked out again. The walkouts continue for two weeks until the demands are met.
Chicano high school students stage walkouts—first in San Antonio, then in 39 towns across Texas, eventually spreading to nearly 100 high schools in 10 states.
Jose Angel Gutierrez is the mastermind behind much of this activism.
Herman Badillo is elected into the U.S. House of Representatives, making him the first Puerto Rican to serve in Congress.
In Crystal City, Texas, Jose Angel Gutierrez forms a political party, La Raza Unida ("The United Race").
Elections in April see an unprecedented victory for Chicanos. Gutierrez is elected county judge and La Raza Unida controls not only the school board, but city and county government as well.
Miami officially becomes bilingual, following a referendum sponsored by its growing Cuban community.
Maurice Ferre becomes mayor of Miami, making him the first Puerto Rican to lead a major city in the mainland United States.
Willie Velasquez of San Antonio organizes thousands of voter registration drives across the Southwest, encouraging the Latino population to vote. He notices, however, that the problem is not the number of Latino voters, but the electoral system. He later would file voting rights lawsuits—never losing a case.
Congress passes the Equal Educational Opportunity Act to create equality in public schools by offering bilingual education to Hispanic students.
Voter rights advocate Willie Velasquez dies in May, and is posthumously honored with the Presidential Medal of Freedom—the highest civilian peacetime award.
President Ronald Reagan expanded the observation of Hispanic Heritage Week to Hispanic Heritage Month, starting on September 15 and ending on October 15.
President George Bush appoints the first woman and first Hispanic surgeon general of the United States: Antonia C. Novello.
Ellen Ochoa becomes the first Hispanic woman to go to space aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery.
President Bill Clinton names Federico Peña as Secretary of Transportation and Henry Cisneros as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, making them both the first Hispanics to hold those positions. He also appoints Norma Cantú, former Director of the Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund, to the position of Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights within the Department of Education. Twenty-five other Hispanics are appointed to positions needing Senate confirmation under this presidency.
Eliseo Medina becomes the first Mexican American Vice President of the Service Employees International Union.
Hispanics are pronounced the nation's largest minority group—surpassing African Americans.
CHLI is the premier organization founded by members of Congress to advance the Hispanic Community's Economic Progress with a focus on social responsibility and global competitiveness.
Antonio Villaraigosa became the first Mexican American mayor of Los Angeles in more than a century.
The Freedom Tower is designated a National Historic Landmark, considered the "Ellis Island of the South" for its role as the Cuban Assistance Center in Miami during 1962–1974, offering nationally sanctioned relief to Cuban refugees.
Puerto Rican Sonia Sotomayor is sworn in as the first Latina Supreme Court Justice.
Marco Rubio, a second-generation Cuban American, is elected U.S. Senator from Florida.
Hispanics make up about one-sixth of the U.S. population—nearly 51 million people.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the Hispanic population reaches 59.9 million people. By the middle of the century, the Latino population is expected to reach 127 million—nearly 30 percent of the projected population of the country.